Home Education is one manner of practicing homeschooling where the parent is the primary facilitator, exercising direct hand over the delivery of the whole educative process and the family’s home as its primary venue. (Incl. No.1 DECS Memo No. 216 S. 1997.)
Homeschooling is the umbrella term for the alternative practice of formally educating children and youth primarily at home and in some off-campus venues, utilizing an alternative delivery system of education for individuals who for some reasons or for other circumstances cannot avail of the formal instruction in a traditional school, and having parents actively taking responsibility in the educative process, with or without the aid of a legitimate teacher. Learning opportunities provided and the delivery system are individualized, self-paced, open, and flexible so that learners are enabled through adaptable arrangements to meet their respective needs, interests, and abilities.
Homeschooling or homeschool (also called home education or home-based learning) is the education of children at home, typically by parents or by tutors, rather than in other formal settings of public or private school.
Although prior to the introduction of compulsory school attendance laws, most childhood education occurred within the family or community, homeschooling in the modern sense is an alternative in developed countries to attending public or private schools. Homeschooling is a legal option for parents in many countries, allowing them to provide their children with a learning environment as an alternative to public or private schools outside the individual’s home.
Parents cite numerous reasons as motivations to homeschool their children. The three reasons that are selected by the majority of homeschooling parents are concern about the school environment, to provide religious or moral instruction and dissatisfaction with academic instruction at public and private schools. Homeschooling may also be a factor in the choice of parenting style. Homeschooling can be an option for families living in isolated rural locations, living temporarily abroad, to allow for more traveling, while many young athletes and actors are taught at home. Homeschooling can be about mentorship and apprenticeship, where a tutor or teacher is with the child for many years and then knows the child very well.
Homeschooling can be used as a form of supplementary education, a way of helping children learn, in specific circumstances. For instance, children that attend downgraded schools can greatly benefit from homeschooling ways of learning, using the immediacy and low cost of the Internet. As a synonym to e-learning, homeschooling can be combined with traditional education and lead to better and more complete results. Homeschooling may also refer to instruction in the home under the supervision of correspondence schools or umbrella schools. In some places, an approved curriculum is legally required if children are to be home-schooled. A curriculum-free philosophy of homeschooling may be called unschooling, a term coined in 1977 by American educator and author John Holt in his magazine Growing Without Schooling. In some cases, a liberal arts education is provided using the trivium and quadrivium as the main model.